Located at the confluence of the Rivers Alzette and Pétrusse, Luxembourg City (pop. 85,000) is the capital of the country of the same name.
It is one of the most important banking and financial centre in Europe, and the country indeed has retained the highest GDP per capita in the world (both nominal and at PPP) for many years.
Luxembourg is also home to several EU institutions, such as the European Court of Justice, the European Investment Bank, the Secretariat of the European Parliament and parts of the European Commission. They are all located in the suburb of Kirchberg, east of the city centre.
Luxembourg is also one of the most charming cities in the Benelux, thanks to the steep and craggy terrain on which it was built.
Luxembourg city looks much bigger than its population would suggest. Visitors could feel they have arrived in a city of over one million inhabitants like Brussels seeing the architectural splendour of the town.
Most of the sights are to be found in the upper old town and lower old town (known as 'the Grund'). The upper part comprised between the Grand-Rue, the Chemin de la Corniche and the Boulevard Roosevelt, is the commercial centre, with the ducal palace, brand shops, restaurants, cafés, ministries and ... banks !
The old quarters of the Grund lying along the Alzette at the bottom of the cliff are ideal for strolls by good weather. The area was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1994, and with its well-preservered city wall and its beguiling architecture it is not difficult to see why.
Luxembourg City has the most Michelin stars per capita of any city in the world. Needless to say that one eats well in Luxembourg. Check out our list of best restaurants in Luxembourg.
How to get there
Luxembourg City is a major transport hub in the region. It is connected to all the main bordering cities in France, Germany and Belgium by road or train.
By car, coming from Belgium, the E25/A4 motorway reaches the city from Arlon, Bastogne, Liege, Namur and Brussels. The E25 continues to Metz and Strasbourg in France. From/to Germany, take the E44/A1 from/to Trier or the E29/A8 from/to Saarbrücken.
By train, Luxembourg is on the line linking Brussels (2h30min to 3h) to Zurich (5h to 6h) via Namur (1h40min to 2h), Arlon (17min), Metz (50min) and Strasbourg (2h10min). Trains to Paris (about 4h) go via Metz or Brussels. There are also direct trains to Trier (45min), Nancy (1h40min), Liege (2h30min) and Cologne (3h30min).
There are buses from/to Saarbrücken (1h15min).
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