How did I2a-Din get to the Balkans?

How did I2a-Din get to the Balkans?


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So, what the people reading this thread think about the theory that I2-din was brought by the migrating Celts from Southern France and Central Europe, are these theories plausible?

I doubt it simply because I2-din is almost non-existent in western Europe. Unless the entire population got up and moved (doubt it).
 
So, what the people reading this thread think about the theory that I2-din was brought by the migrating Celts from Southern France and Central Europe, are these theories plausible?

Not the first time being mentioned. I did write about it years ago, but when we only knew about I-S17250. Considering its and now known I-PH908 distribution and diversity in contemporary populations the Western-Central-Celtic migration falls short against Slavic migration. Autosomal results from medieval Bohemia indicate a Slavic movement from Eastern Europe as well.
 
Unless I missed something, no I2 has been found in any Balkan samples from the Bronze Age onward. Only Sardinians today of non-Slavs carry any significant amount of an I2 variant. I'm also not aware of any Dacian samples, so we can't judge them and can just speculate that they were similar to Thracians. Although a heavily Mediterranean population similar to Greeks and southern Italians being that far north seems strange to me.

I'm with the consensus that I2a-Din spread with the Slavs.
 
"I'm with the consensus that I2a-Din spread with the Slavs."

Consensus? Based on what? Modern distribution? How scientific is that? That's just folklore.
 
"I'm with the consensus that I2a-Din spread with the Slavs."

Consensus? Based on what? Modern distribution? How scientific is that? That's just folklore.


Statistics! where are Slavs that haplo is present in majority! Statistics is science as far as I know!
 
Statistics! where are Slavs that haplo is present in majority! Statistics is science as far as I know!
Yes ,of course. Statistics is a branch of biology concerned with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms.
 
Yes ,of course. Statistics is a branch of biology concerned with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms.

Why is I2a1b-Din relatively non-existent anywhere Germanic/Scando-Germanic went, and over represented everywhere Slavs went?

It obviously wasn't originally Slavic being its ancestral clade was found in Sweden. Yet, it left Sweden long before the Scando-Germanic culture formed there. CTS102228 is overwhelmingly commonly found in Slavic nations. Most I2a1b in Germanics and Swedes all have more recent MRCA within the last 1000-1500 years. How the heck is it not associated with movements?

Many even suspect that it was when I2a1b joined R-Z280 & R-M458 that differentiated Proto-Slavic from Baltic. Some go so far as to say that Proto-Slavic is actually a Southern Baltoid language that was differentiated into Proto-Slavic with the inclusion of I2a1b and then the influence from Indo-Iranian.

What are the Germanic/Scando-Germanic branches of I2a1b-CTS102228 that are not found in Slavs? that are separated more than 2000 years? As far as I know I1 and I2a2a are the only I groups connected Germanic/Scando-Germanic peoples. There was also the case of the western cousin branch of I2a1b, I2a1a. It is also found in western europe. Despite no ADNA I find it hard to be associated with anything but the Slavic Migration. Maybe it was found to some extend in east Germanics prior to the migration? It seems however its ethnogenesis coincides with Proto-Slavs prior to the migration.

If Proto-Slavs were already occupying "east germanic" domains contrary to popular thought, than perhaps some slipped out earlier into your present location.

Having I2a1b doesn't make you any less Scandinavian(I assume per country of residence). 1000-1500 years is a long time. Hell, only takes a generation or 2 to change ancestral camps lol.

Perhaps some clades formed during the middle ages that may denote recent non-slavic ancestry. For instance my founder clade in L1029 is specific to Albanians so far. Which would mean the proto-Slavic ancestor or whatever they identified as, was assimilated into Albanians around the early middle ages and formed new branches that spread by other Albanians.

Modern statistics and diversity may not always be an exact science but all research up until now has mostly confirmed many hypotheses based off modern statistics with the finding of ADNA. Whilst ADNA for CTS10228 and M458 only date to the middle ages, chances are the adna wont be that far from the current position.
 
One might as well ask why L21 went to the British Isles, DF27 largely to Iberia, and U152 to France and Italy.

Some clans went one way and some another.
 
Why is I2a1b-Din relatively non-existent anywhere Germanic/Scando-Germanic went, and over represented everywhere Slavs went?

It obviously wasn't originally Slavic being its ancestral clade was found in Sweden. Yet, it left Sweden long before the Scando-Germanic culture formed there. CTS102228 is overwhelmingly commonly found in Slavic nations. Most I2a1b in Germanics and Swedes all have more recent MRCA within the last 1000-1500 years. How the heck is it not associated with movements?

.

Hi Dibran, where have you found that ancestor clade was found in Sweden?

Ancestor clade of I-CTS10228 is L621. The only known ancient sample of I-L621 was found in Prehistorical Portugal:
https://genetiker.wordpress.com/y-snp-calls-for-ca117b/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5531429/
https://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1006852

I-L621 is ancestral for Dinarik I-CTS10228 and Disles https://www.yfull.com/tree/I-L621/
In modern samples, one region pops up as interesting for early diverged subclades of L621, it is Upper Raine basin (Southwestern Germany and Alsace) where few early separated branches of Disles and one of I-CTS10228* have been found:
Disles A' I-BY37319: P37+ M423+ CTS5375+ L621+ BY37319+ (A17060+) England and Germany (Baden-Württemberg);
Disles B' I-CTS10936*: P37+ M423+ BY37319+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848- Germany (Baden-Württemberg);
Disles B' I-S19848*: P37+ M423+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848+ CTS4002- Germany (Baden-Württemberg), Sweden;
Disles B' I-Y44771 P37+ M423+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848+ CTS4002+ Y44771+ Germany (Baden-Württemberg), South Eastern Poland;
Disles B' I-BY31905: P37+ M423+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848+ CTS4002+ FGC20479+ BY31905+ Ireland, Scotland, England (more than 10 families from British Isles in this group);
Disles B' I-FGC20473: P37+ M423+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848+ CTS4002+ CTS11768+ FGC20479+ FGC20473+ Germany (unknown location, probably Dirminger near France and Luxembourg border with Germany), Scotland (2 families), England (2 familes);
I-CTS10228* (Y3120-) Alsace region France.

Based on the data it is possible that ancestor of I-CTS10228>Y3120 lived on the west before moved in Eastern Europe, approximate time period might be 2200-2500 years ago, but even 4000 years ago based on formation age of I-CTS10228* from Alsace. So it can be some known historical moment but also unknown.
 
In addition to all that was said above, two early examples of I2a1-L621 come from 10th century Poland and 12-13th century Russia, both Slavic cultures.
 
Why is I2a1b-Din relatively non-existent anywhere Germanic/Scando-Germanic went, and over represented everywhere Slavs went?

It obviously wasn't originally Slavic being its ancestral clade was found in Sweden. Yet, it left Sweden long before the Scando-Germanic culture formed there. CTS102228 is overwhelmingly commonly found in Slavic nations. Most I2a1b in Germanics and Swedes all have more recent MRCA within the last 1000-1500 years. How the heck is it not associated with movements?

Many even suspect that it was when I2a1b joined R-Z280 & R-M458 that differentiated Proto-Slavic from Baltic. Some go so far as to say that Proto-Slavic is actually a Southern Baltoid language that was differentiated into Proto-Slavic with the inclusion of I2a1b and then the influence from Indo-Iranian.

What are the Germanic/Scando-Germanic branches of I2a1b-CTS102228 that are not found in Slavs? that are separated more than 2000 years? As far as I know I1 and I2a2a are the only I groups connected Germanic/Scando-Germanic peoples. There was also the case of the western cousin branch of I2a1b, I2a1a. It is also found in western europe. Despite no ADNA I find it hard to be associated with anything but the Slavic Migration. Maybe it was found to some extend in east Germanics prior to the migration? It seems however its ethnogenesis coincides with Proto-Slavs prior to the migration.

If Proto-Slavs were already occupying "east germanic" domains contrary to popular thought, than perhaps some slipped out earlier into your present location.

Having I2a1b doesn't make you any less Scandinavian(I assume per country of residence). 1000-1500 years is a long time. Hell, only takes a generation or 2 to change ancestral camps lol.

Perhaps some clades formed during the middle ages that may denote recent non-slavic ancestry. For instance my founder clade in L1029 is specific to Albanians so far. Which would mean the proto-Slavic ancestor or whatever they identified as, was assimilated into Albanians around the early middle ages and formed new branches that spread by other Albanians.

Modern statistics and diversity may not always be an exact science but all research up until now has mostly confirmed many hypotheses based off modern statistics with the finding of ADNA. Whilst ADNA for CTS10228 and M458 only date to the middle ages, chances are the adna wont be that far from the current position.

About I2a2a. Most Albanians are L701. Mine was L801. I had matches in Germany, England. Common in Denmark, Sweden. I would say my haplogroup is connected with Vikings. My family traces its roots in Struga, but moved to Albania because my forefather had to hide. My question to you is how common is this haplogroup among Albanians in Macedonia, if you know anything.
 
Why is I2a1b-Din relatively non-existent anywhere Germanic/Scando-Germanic went, and over represented everywhere Slavs went?

It obviously wasn't originally Slavic being its ancestral clade was found in Sweden. Yet, it left Sweden long before the Scando-Germanic culture formed there. CTS102228 is overwhelmingly commonly found in Slavic nations. Most I2a1b in Germanics and Swedes all have more recent MRCA within the last 1000-1500 years. How the heck is it not associated with movements?

Many even suspect that it was when I2a1b joined R-Z280 & R-M458 that differentiated Proto-Slavic from Baltic. Some go so far as to say that Proto-Slavic is actually a Southern Baltoid language that was differentiated into Proto-Slavic with the inclusion of I2a1b and then the influence from Indo-Iranian.

What are the Germanic/Scando-Germanic branches of I2a1b-CTS102228 that are not found in Slavs? that are separated more than 2000 years? As far as I know I1 and I2a2a are the only I groups connected Germanic/Scando-Germanic peoples. There was also the case of the western cousin branch of I2a1b, I2a1a. It is also found in western europe. Despite no ADNA I find it hard to be associated with anything but the Slavic Migration. Maybe it was found to some extend in east Germanics prior to the migration? It seems however its ethnogenesis coincides with Proto-Slavs prior to the migration.

If Proto-Slavs were already occupying "east germanic" domains contrary to popular thought, than perhaps some slipped out earlier into your present location.

Having I2a1b doesn't make you any less Scandinavian(I assume per country of residence). 1000-1500 years is a long time. Hell, only takes a generation or 2 to change ancestral camps lol.

Perhaps some clades formed during the middle ages that may denote recent non-slavic ancestry. For instance my founder clade in L1029 is specific to Albanians so far. Which would mean the proto-Slavic ancestor or whatever they identified as, was assimilated into Albanians around the early middle ages and formed new branches that spread by other Albanians.

Modern statistics and diversity may not always be an exact science but all research up until now has mostly confirmed many hypotheses based off modern statistics with the finding of ADNA. Whilst ADNA for CTS10228 and M458 only date to the middle ages, chances are the adna wont be that far from the current position.

About I2a Dinaric, most Albanians belong in cluster Dinaric 3, which is not present in Slavic countries, but common in Romania. So Albanian Dinaric and Romanian Dinaric are native to Balkans.
 


Subclades:

  • DinC1 (A1221) 70% ~2 mln 400/450 CE Bulgaria, Moldova, Poland, Albania, Ukraine
  • DinC2 (A16413) 15% ~0,4 mln Serbia, Ukraine
  • DinCx (PH3414) 15% ~0,4 mln Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia
The haplogroup DinC (Z17855) is the smallest haplogroup of about 3 million men dominated by the population of Romania, in a smaller number of Ukraine, Russia and Bulgaria.It can be described as Black Sea population. DinC1 is the dominant subclade – about 2/3 of the DinC population. The mutation was made late because around 400 AD (100BC-850CE) the remaining mutations are small below 0.5 million.vayda
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About I2a Dinaric, most Albanians belong in cluster Dinaric 3, which is not present in Slavic countries, but common in Romania. So Albanian Dinaric and Romanian Dinaric are native to Balkans.

It is partially true. Albanians have about 7-9% I-CTS10228 overall. Dinaric A3 or Z17855 is probably the most common subclade based on confirmed Z17855 STR matches from the surrounding areas and some Z17855 tested people who claim paternal line origin from Albania, but there is very likely also some Y4460 and one tested Albanian has Y-str haplotype similar to A2512 that that is the most frequent subclade in Greece (have STR matches in Greek Macedonia, too).
For now, there are 3 confirmed Z17855+ Albanians, one unknown from FTDNA, one Z17855>A1221 from Albanian and I2a project, and one Shala from Kosovo tested at 23andme, plus 2 or 3 people who according to their stories have Slavic origin from North Albania.

In Albania among Albanians also appears cluster with distinctive markers DYS385=14-14 and DYS448=21. Three haplotypes with a huge difference on other markers that suggest that they do not have a recent common ancestor. One tested person is from South Albania, and in an anonymous study of Tosk the second haplotype appears and has a full str match on comparable markers in another scientific study probably from Tirana. The third one is from Kosovo with origin from Nothern Albania. This cluster also appears once in the scientific study of Greek Macedonia, no data about ethnic origin. The only deeper tested people with this distinctive values are from Mirilovici tribe from Hercegovina, they belong to Z17855>PH3414 and according to their family story and literature, their ancestors come from Prokletie mountain or Wester Macedonia. One haplotype from a scientific study of Macedonians might also belong to this cluster.

There is no data to confirm the expansion of Z17855 among Romanians, there are not much tested Romanian but most of the tested belong to S17250 with a significant part of PH908 and Y4460. The guy who made maps you referred to calculated tested non-Romanians in his sample, mostly Hungarians from Transilvania. He did a similar thing with Hungarian sample calculating people of (South) Slavic origin and Slavic surnames from Hungaria as Hungarians. Anyway, it is true that Z17855 is almost absent among West and East Slavs, but appears in all ethnicities in North Carpathians.
 
If we follow YFull ancestor(I-Y3120) of subclade I-Z17855 is the same as for Croatians and considering that subclade I-Z17855 Croatians do not have much it is very likely that subclade I-Z17855 is some older migration from south Poland, southwestern Ukraine towards eastern Ukraine, Romania, Moldavia, Bulgaria and when Slavs in the 5th, 6th century or earlier enter to the Roman Empire or go towards the Constantinople that is one of the Slavic groups or part of the same which are coming from that direction all the way to Greece and after that it is assimilated into Vlachs, Albanian, Greek nation.
 
Hi Dibran, where have you found that ancestor clade was found in Sweden?

Ancestor clade of I-CTS10228 is L621. The only known ancient sample of I-L621 was found in Prehistorical Portugal:
https://genetiker.wordpress.com/y-snp-calls-for-ca117b/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5531429/
https://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1006852

I-L621 is ancestral for Dinarik I-CTS10228 and Disles https://www.yfull.com/tree/I-L621/
In modern samples, one region pops up as interesting for early diverged subclades of L621, it is Upper Raine basin (Southwestern Germany and Alsace) where few early separated branches of Disles and one of I-CTS10228* have been found:
Disles A' I-BY37319: P37+ M423+ CTS5375+ L621+ BY37319+ (A17060+) England and Germany (Baden-Württemberg);
Disles B' I-CTS10936*: P37+ M423+ BY37319+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848- Germany (Baden-Württemberg);
Disles B' I-S19848*: P37+ M423+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848+ CTS4002- Germany (Baden-Württemberg), Sweden;
Disles B' I-Y44771 P37+ M423+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848+ CTS4002+ Y44771+ Germany (Baden-Württemberg), South Eastern Poland;
Disles B' I-BY31905: P37+ M423+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848+ CTS4002+ FGC20479+ BY31905+ Ireland, Scotland, England (more than 10 families from British Isles in this group);
Disles B' I-FGC20473: P37+ M423+ L621+ CTS10936+ S19848+ CTS4002+ CTS11768+ FGC20479+ FGC20473+ Germany (unknown location, probably Dirminger near France and Luxembourg border with Germany), Scotland (2 families), England (2 familes);
I-CTS10228* (Y3120-) Alsace region France.

Based on the data it is possible that ancestor of I-CTS10228>Y3120 lived on the west before moved in Eastern Europe, approximate time period might be 2200-2500 years ago, but even 4000 years ago based on formation age of I-CTS10228* from Alsace. So it can be some known historical moment but also unknown.

The oldest known I2a1b-L161.1 individuals are the 8,000 year-old Loschbour man from Mesolithic Luxembourg, and a 7,800 year-old man from Motala in southern Sweden. Thats pretty much common knowledge at this point. Today however its rather non-existant in both places other than in Slavic populations. Much the same as I1 wasn't originally Germanic before Indo-Europeans, I2 was farmer before its various clades formed. This doesn't change the fact I1 developed with and spread from Germanic tribes.
I2a1b-L161.1 just happens to be the clade that joined the expanding Corded Ware folk, and took part in the Proto Slavic ethnogenesis. Explaining why the majority of I2a1b in Europe is predominantly of Slavic origin. Meaning majority of those non-slavic I2a1b died out, as only its sister clade I2a1a is found in the west and not the east. Theres even some I1 clades that whilst Germanic spread and expanded with Slavs.
 
About I2a2a. Most Albanians are L701. Mine was L801. I had matches in Germany, England. Common in Denmark, Sweden. I would say my haplogroup is connected with Vikings. My family traces its roots in Struga, but moved to Albania because my forefather had to hide. My question to you is how common is this haplogroup among Albanians in Macedonia, if you know anything.

Very cool! Do you know what clade under L801 you are?
Just going off of Yfull it is mostly in north and north-west europe. I would agree its probably Vikings. More so Varangian Guard(which were stationed in Macedonia). Theres some clades that have more Slavs, perhaps those were East Germanics like Goths or Bastarnae that were assimilated into Slavs. I think in your case Varangian Guard is a good bet. They only showed up last 700-800 years though. How close are your matches outside of Albania? If they are further than 1000 years I would say Goths. They did settle cut through Western Macedonia. Normans are also a possibility. They cut through Dibra on both sides of the border. There is even a I2a1a Albanian from Diber Madhe in the project. According to our project results, I2-M223 makes up about 2 percent of Albanians. All the L701 are from Southern Albania. Did you do FTDNA or YSEQ? don't see you in the group. I imagine you're the first L801 in the group. Don't see any others in the results. The only Albanian from Macedonia in the project is the I2a1a sample I mentioned. So out of 33 Albanians from Macedonia it accounted for 3 percent.
 
About I2a Dinaric, most Albanians belong in cluster Dinaric C, which is not present in Slavic countries, but common in Romania. So Albanian Dinaric and Romanian Dinaric are native to Balkans.

No I am afraid not. Romania has just as much slavic ancestry as their neighbors. I think they are most alike with Bulgarians. Dinaric C is actually younger than the other branches. Its dominance in Romanians doesn't make it native. Its age for the entire Dinaric C is only 1550 years old. It lines up perfectly with the Slavic migrations. Dinaric C is found predominantly in Romanians, Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Macedonians, and in Albanians and Greeks.

The fact a good majority of Albanian I2-Din is part of the Romanian cluster likely means that a majority of Albanian I2-Din is connected to Vlachs of Albania, a throng of which has Slavic ancestry and was likely latinized through co-mingling and similar professions. Even though the earliest ancestor is Slavic, the cluster likely indicates the recent ancestor was a Vlach in the case of Albanians. Or even a northern Greek depending on matching. I2-PH908 however, is dominant in Serbs, Bosnians and I think West Herzegovinian Croats. It is almost characteristic of a Serbian progenitor. It seems about 2 thirds of Albanian I2-Din is the Romanian cluster with the remainder falling in the Serbian PH908 and other I2-Din.

The most likely scenario is Din C in Albanians is jointly connected to Vlachs and the Bulgarian empire. I2-A2512 is the only clade of I2-Din that I think may be connected to Bastarnae. It is the oldest I2-Din clade, 2200ypb, and is exclusively found in Greeks and East European Jews. The time frame also lines up with around 200BC when King Phillip brought some to Macedonia. However, to my knowledge no Albanians have popped up in this clade.
 
Everyone, let's be careful with these classifications. I2a-CTS10228>Y3120 haplotypes are almost impossible to classify into any clade other than PH908. Almost no Albanians have been reliably classified into Z17855. Romanians also remain relatively untested. So much so, that there is only one Romanian Z17855 on YFull right now, for example. Speaking of Romanian, Albanian or Vlach clusters is a little premature at this point.
 
Very cool! Do you know what clade under L801 you are?
Just going off of Yfull it is mostly in north and north-west europe. I would agree its probably Vikings. More so Varangian Guard(which were stationed in Macedonia). Theres some clades that have more Slavs, perhaps those were East Germanics like Goths or Bastarnae that were assimilated into Slavs. I think in your case Varangian Guard is a good bet. They only showed up last 700-800 years though. How close are your matches outside of Albania? If they are further than 1000 years I would say Goths. They did settle cut through Western Macedonia. Normans are also a possibility. They cut through Dibra on both sides of the border. There is even a I2a1a Albanian from Diber Madhe in the project. According to our project results, I2-M223 makes up about 2 percent of Albanians. All the L701 are from Southern Albania. Did you do FTDNA or YSEQ? don't see you in the group. I imagine you're the first L801 in the group. Don't see any others in the results. The only Albanian from Macedonia in the project is the I2a1a sample I mentioned. So out of 33 Albanians from Macedonia it accounted for 3 percent.

I had a Y full and my closest match was a German from Berlin surroundings. I don't want to publish my full y here. I have no doubt that my early ancestors were either Goths or Vikings. What I am interested are Albanians from Macedonia region, mainly Struga. My forefather around 1800 had 7 other siblings . He committed a crime and went to hiding in southern Albania. He did not keep contact with them out of fear of being discovered. So we have lost contact with our distant cousins. I think I can have a chance of finding them if anyone with the same haplogroup appears in that area. My search through the last name has not produced anything. The reason I asked you was that I assumed you understand the Macedonian language and might be aware of anything in that language. Thank you for your response!
 

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