bronze age

  1. Maciamo

    Updated page and tree on Y-haplogroup T

    I have created two phylogenetic trees for haplogroup T and T-CTS2214. I have also updated the history section. The P77 and CTS6507 branch underwent a major expansion during the Early Bronze Age, from approximately 2500 BCE. The phylogeny suggests that this expansion took place from the...
  2. Aha

    Maps of Europe’s ancient tribes and Y-DNA. Legit?

    These are "Maps of Europe’s ancient tribes, kingdoms and Y-DNA" around 7000 BC, 2000 BC, 117 AD and 1227 AD by Sandra Rimmer from this page http://www.abroadintheyard.com/maps-of-europes-ancient-tribes-kingdoms-and-y-dna/ Relief Artist: Kenneth Townsend How legit and accurate they are? Who is...
  3. Maciamo

    Dodecad & Eurogenes admixture of Late Copper & Early Bronze Age genomes

    The Copper Age was a period of transition between Neolithic societies and the Indo-European migrations. Although the Chalcolithic started in Neolithic Southeast Europe and Anatolia, it quickly spread to the Pontic-Caspian Steppe, from where PIE Steppe people expanded cross most of Europe and...
  4. Maciamo

    Dodecad & Eurogenes admixture for Early vs Late Bronze Age Scandinavian genomes

    I have had a look at Mesolithic and Neolithic genomes, an Early Bronze Age Yamna genome, compared Corded Ware vs Sintashta genomes, and analysed the Hinxton Celtic and Anglo-Saxon genomes. Here is another Corded Ware (or Battle-Axe) culture genome, but from Denmark instead of Poland., which I...
  5. Maciamo

    Dodecad & Eurogenes admixture for Sintashta & Corded Ware genomes

    After analysing Mesolithic and Neolithic genomes and a Yamna genome, here are genomic admixtures for the Sintashta and Corded Ware cultures, two R1a-dominant north-east European Bronze Age PIE cultures. Keep in mind that the component names for the Eurogenes K36 admixture are not accurate and...
  6. Maciamo

    Dodecad & Eurogenes admixture for Yamna genomes

    I should have done this a long time ago, but never found the time among the many things on my to-do list. I ran a Yamna genome in the Dodecad and Eurogenes calculators just to see what would come out of it, and to help interpret the maps I created from the Dodecad calculators. Keep in mind...
  7. Maciamo

    New map of Yamna admixture (Eurogenes Steppe K10)

    I finally found some time to make the map of Yamna admixture using the data from Eurogenes Steppe K10. There was no data for some countries, so I had to guess based on neighbouring countries or isolated samples reported on forums. That is the case for Portugal, Ireland, Wales, the Netherlands...
  8. Maciamo

    Excavation of Must farm, UK's best bronze age site

    Just found this article on The Guardian: UK's best bronze age site dig ends but analysis will continue for years The site is a 3,000-year old Bronze Age village in Cambridgeshire that was abandoned after it burnt down. They found among others: - two complete spears (with the wooden part) -...
  9. Maciamo

    The great pairings of Y-DNA haplogroups in prehistory

    When G2a Neolithic farmers started advancing from the Near East into Europe, they encountered indigenous hunter-gathering tribes belonging to various haplogroups (C1a2, F, I*, I1, I2a, I2b, I2c, and possibly even H). Interestingly, most of these lineages didn't survive in significant number...
  10. RHAS

    Late Bronze Age J2a1 found 1110-1270 B.C. Ludas-Varjú-dűlő, Hungary.

    Late Bronze Age J2a1 found 1110-1270 B.C. Ludas-Varjú-dűlő, Hungary. Kyjatice Culture. Individual BR2 Y-DNA J2a1. "The genomic stasis of the Neolithic is subsequently interrupted during the third millennium BC coinciding with the onset of the Bronze Age. Our two Bronze Age samples, BR1...
  11. Maciamo

    Was the teal admixture of Yamna brought to the steppe by Y-haplogroup G1 ?

    Last week Davidski wondered if the teal people really existed and if so who they were (referring to the teal admixture from Haak et al. 2015 found in Yamna samples). My theory so far had been that R1b-P297 had mixed with West Asian people around the South Caucasus (or rather between East...
  12. Maciamo

    Autosomal analysis of Yamna, Corded Ware and Bell Beaker samples

    Here is a summary of my observations posted in this thread regarding the autosomal analysis of the Mesolithic and Bronze Age samples from Haak et al 2015. Eurogenes K15 analysis The K15 admixtures for all the Yamna, Corded Ware and Bell Beaker samples can be found in this spreadsheet. As I...
  13. Maciamo

    Modern distribution of R1b-Z2103

    The new Haak et al. 2015 paper confirmed that Yamna Proto-Indo-Europeans belonged to haplogroup R1b. Four out of six R1b samples from the Volga-Ural region belonged to the R1b-Z2103 subclade, a branch of what used to be called R1b-ht35, the eastern variant of R1b-M269. Obviously the samples...
  14. Maciamo

    New map of haplogroup R1a-M458 (Y-DNA)

    I have created a new map of R1a-M458, a lineage which I associate with the Corded Ware expansion and which peaks in West Slavic countries today. The Underhill et al. 2014 paper provided a rough distribution map of R1a-M458, but I wasn't satisfied by its accuracy (it is auto-generated, not...
  15. Maciamo

    Did the Chinese Bronze Age originate in the Eurasian Steppe ?

    The Bronze Age appears to have originated around the Caucasus circa 3500 BCE, with the Maykop culture (3700—2000 BCE) and the approximately contemporaneous Kura-Araxes culture (3500—2200 BCE). Older Bronze objects have been found in Serbia dating from 4500 BCE, but the practice was discontinued...
  16. Maciamo

    Dairy farming reached Scandinavia from ca 2500 BCE with the Corded Ware people

    Modern Scandinavians and Dutch people have the highest frequency (>90%) of lactase persistence allele in the world, making almost every individual able to digest the lactose sugar in milk throughout adulthood. It has long been speculated when the transition to dairy farming took place, which...
  17. F

    Bronze-age trade networks

    I have decided to make this new thread to present and discuss a number of recent, primarily archeometalurgical studies that shed more light on long distance bronze-age trade connections across Europe. This thread is meant to complement, not to replace, related threads, especially on the...
  18. Maciamo

    Copper & Bronze Age Steppe people (PIE) had mixed light and dark pigmentation

    A very interesting new paper by Wilde et al. 2014 tested three genes (HERC2, SLC45A2 and TYR) associated with skin, eye and hair pigmentation in 63 ancient samples from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe (mostly modern Ukraine) dating from the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age. The results are relatively...
  19. Maciamo

    When did humans first...

    Here is a list of the oldest evidence known to archaeology for things that humans did for the first time in prehistory. The purpose is to give a overview of the timeline of technological developments across prehistoric times. - Humans made stone tools at least 2.6 million years ago in Ethiopia...
  20. Maciamo

    Bell Beakers were a multicultural phenomenon & trade network, not an ethnic culture

    Bell Beakers were a multicultural phenomenon & trade network, not an ethnic culture I have noticed that Jean Manco mentioned in her new book Ancestral Journeys that the Bell Beaker culture represents the arrival of R1b people into Western Europe. I have explained before why it is extremely...
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