1. M

    R-L21 fixed in the Isles since EBA

    Since the Early Bronze Age, haplogroup R1b-L21 seems to have been dominant in the British Isles(at least in Britain). 20/21 Y-haplogroups are R1b. 5/20 are some M269 subclades that are very small, or the sample doesn't have enough coverage(ended in '1a). But 15/21 are P312(a2), out of which...
  2. M

    R1b decreased in historical/civilized times

    With the coming of the CWC and Bell Beakers, Europe has got their current 1 population that comes in 3. Basically because nobody from outside has come in since(you could argue that Yamnaya/EHG were in Russia, but not in the West). Anyway, that population was (and still is) majority R1b in the...
  3. M

    Rh negative in Scottland

    Here's and old study about Rh negative in Scottland(Highlands). Long story short, Rh negative seems to be bigger in heavily Celtic areas, where also there's high O blood type. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1E2VHziDBYQVyYmS6ggOtQHHIJ5UMiigt/view?usp=drivesdk...
  4. M

    R-L21 in Ireland not from the Bronze Age?

    I've been watching maps from this sitehttps://indo-european.eu/maps/early-bronze-age/And I noticed that R1b-L21 is not dominant in the British Isles throughout most of the Bronze and Iron Ages.Only in the Late Iron Age comes back in prominence. Before that time, R1b-P312(the ancestor of DF-27 &...
  5. M

    Iron Age settling of Britain

    https://phys.org/news/2021-12-harvard-geneticists-ancient-britain-insights.amp A new David Reich's paper has shed light of a 50% population turnover at the end of Bronze Age (1200-800 BC) in Britain. We're yet to see what about Ireland. The settlers descended from a population in France. Given...
  6. Maciamo

    Similar words between Latin and Gaulish Celtic

    How much did the ancient Romans understand the Gauls when Caesar set on his 9-year campaign? Would the language have appeared outlandish to Latin ears, like Basque is to us today, or on the contrary rather familiar like Romance and Germanic languages are to English speakers? Or maybe somewhere...
  7. ConfusedCelt

    I have T1a2b1a, am I descended from Carthaginians/Phonecians?

    All the rest of my ancestry was Celtic and Saxon/Scandinavian. But I had a tiny sliver of DNA titled "Balari" and I looked it up and they were a Nuragic people. And my YDNA is Haplogroup T1a2... My father is from the Netherlands and my mother is from Ireland. Where did this come from? Did it...
  8. Maciamo

    MyTrueAncestry MyTrueAncestry - closest modern countries to ancient ethnicities

    This thread is dedicated to comparing the the closest results of people from various European countries and regions to specific ancient archaeological cultures (e.g. Corded Ware, Unetice, Nordic Bronze Age, Villanovan, Hallstatt) or specific unmixed ethnic groups (Romans, Gauls, Franks, Saxons...
  9. Jovialis

    Embalmed heads of the Celtic Iron Age in the south of France

    Abstract Ancient texts described that one of the most impressive ritual practices of the Celts during the Iron Age was to remove the heads of enemies killed in battle and to embalm them for display in front of the victors dwellings. An archaeological settlement excavation site in Le Cailar, in...
  10. Jovialis

    Celtic Chariot Burial Uncovered in Wales

    PEMBROKESHIRE, WALES—The first known Celtic chariot burial in Wales has been discovered in a Pembrokeshire field, according to a report from the Tivy-Side Advertiser. Beginning in February, metal detectorist Mike Smith unearthed a number of pieces of Iron Age Celtic metalwork, including part of...
  11. P

    Is Basque an Indo-European language or not?

    I've read some of Gianfranco Forni's texts on how Basque actually is an Indo-European language. Is it true, or not? And if not, can you debunk it in detail?
  12. Maciamo

    Was E-V13 a major lineage of Hallstatt Celts and Italics?

    The distribution and origins of E-V13 are one of the most perplexing of any haplogroups. Over the years people have hypothesised that it originated with ancient Greeks, Neolithic farmers, Balkans people, Steppe people, Romans, Celts, Indo-Europeans in general or whatever imaginable scenario...
  13. Ned

    R1b and Language

    I have read thoroughly the essay that Maciamo has written on R1b and I'm trying to match what is known philologically. He states that L21 equates with the Q-celtic (Gaelic) languages whilst U152 equates with the Italic and P-celtic (Welsh) languages. The population of the British Isles by L21...
  14. Jovialis

    Iron Age skull found in Somerset could be linked to ancient head cult

    When dog walker Roger Evans spotted a skull on the banks of the River Sowy in Somerset last March, police immediately suspected foul play. But the history of the mysterious severed head could be even more curious and sinister than originally thought. Analysis by experts showed that far from...
  15. stevenarmstrong

    When, how, and through whom did Celtic culture arrive in Britain?

    Dear Eupedia Forum, When I read a study on ancient DNA submitted for peer review in May that concluded that Rhine River Bell Beaker people replaced over 90% of the male population of Britain some 4,000 years ago, it made me wonder: who were the British Celts, where did they come from, and when...
  16. J

    Pictish matrilineality, mtDNA, and the megalithic substrate of the language

    Firstly, this is such a crossover post I'm not sure this is where it belongs — this is my first post here. I've been wondering about the Picts today in an ongoing curiosity around surviving Celtic languages and their level of antiquity or connection to the early continental Celtic languages. I...
  17. Ziober

    Numantine Museum. Celtiberian pottery, metallurgy & Ornaments in Numantia (Spain)

    These are some pics taken by me in the Numantine Museum of Soria (Spain). These items represents the fusion between Celtic and Iberian art, Especially in pottery, and some pure celtic weapons and metallurgy. Founded in Garray (Numantia) and surroundings Baby's bottle? VII-V bc Helmet
  18. D


    Conventional Wisdom says the Celts originated somewhere above the Black Sea disseminated throughout northern and southern Europe, created a culture of poetic and mystery and came to the UK about 600 BC. I believe the Celts were already there! I believe the Celts were really R1b. What do others say?
  19. P


    Gallic or Germanic?
  20. Maciamo

    New map of Y-gaplogroup G2a-L497

    This clade was found in the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture (as I had predicted), which explains the hotspot around Moldova. G2a-L497 (or actually its Z1816 subclade) was probably assimilated by the R1b-U152 Proto-Italo-Celts before moving to the Alps. Not only is there a strong geographic...