maps

  1. Maciamo

    Revised and improved prehistoric migration maps

    I have updated, corrected and improved most of the Neolithic and Bronze Age migrations maps. This includes adding new cultures, including minor ones, refining the boundaries, reworking the colours, and updating the haplogroup estimations for each culture. I have also split the map for the period...
  2. Maciamo

    New map of Yamna admixture (Eurogenes Steppe K10)

    I finally found some time to make the map of Yamna admixture using the data from Eurogenes Steppe K10. There was no data for some countries, so I had to guess based on neighbouring countries or isolated samples reported on forums. That is the case for Portugal, Ireland, Wales, the Netherlands...
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    New map of early to middle Neolithic Europe (5000-4500 BCE)

    I had not made any new archaeological maps for 6 years. Yet there are still periods that weren't covered, including that particularly interesting one that saw the emergence of the Khvalynsk culture, which may well have been the first PIE culture in the Steppe, before Sredny Stog and Yamna. That...
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    New map of Y-haplogroup J2b1 (M205)

    I already made a map of J2b three years ago. Upon someone's request I have created this map of J2b1 based on the available data. Unfortunately there is very little data at the moment for J2b1 outside the Balkans and some parts of Italy. Most areas in grey actually have no data rather than <0.5%...
  5. Maciamo

    New map of mtDNA haplogroup UK

    It's been a while since I haven't created a new map as we are running out of haplogroups (or data for subclades). I thought it would be interesting to visualise the whole of haplogroup U, as this is a very ancient lineage and apparently the first to colonise Europe from c. 40,000 years ago, and...
  6. Maciamo

    Map of Economic Freedom in Europe

    I have added a new map of Economic Freedom in my Social & Economic Maps of Europe. This map is based on the Index of Economic Freedom (2016) created by The Heritage Foundation and The Wall Street Journal. It is shocking, though not entirely surprising to see how poorly Latin countries perform...
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    HLA-DR14 : distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR14. The maximum frequencies are observed in Kosovo (8.5%), Albania (7.5%), South Italy (7.5%), Georgia (7.5%), Romania (7%), Macedonia (6.7%), Greece (6.5% but 4% in Crete), Armenia (6.5%). DR14 is virtually absent from the Sardinian, Basque...
  8. Maciamo

    HLA-DR10 : distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR10. The maximum frequencies are observed in the Lebanon (5.2%), Saudi Arabia (4.8%), Palestine (4.7%), Jordan (3.8%), Morocco (3.3%), Algeria (3%), Tunisia (3%), and oddly enough also among the Saami people (2.9%). It is absent from the Basque...
  9. Maciamo

    HLA-DR13 : distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR13. Unlikely most other HLA types, DR13 does not show any specific geographic pattern or associated with ethnic groups or Y-DNA haplogroup. This is because DR13 is in fact divided in three major subclades and patterns are only meaningful within...
  10. Maciamo

    HLA-DR9 : distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR9. It is overall an North Asian HLA type, although it is also found in Lebanon and the Maghreb (but Lebanese do have 1-2% of North Asian DNA associated with Y-DNA haplogroup Q1b). The maximum frequencies are observed among the Saami (7 to 16%...
  11. Maciamo

    HLA-DR7 : distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR7. The maximum frequencies are observed in the Basque country (26 to 31%), northern Catalonia (23%), the Balearic Islands (22%), Cantabria (20%), Tunisia (19%), Saudi Arabia (18%), Andalusia (17.5%), Libya (17%), and in Ireland (16%). You...
  12. Maciamo

    HLA-DR15: distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR15. The maximum frequencies are observed in the Pasiegos of Cantabria in northern Spain (32%), the Chuvash of the Volga region (19.5%), Ireland (18.5%), Denmark (18.5%), Brittany (18%), Orkney (18%), Norway (15.5%) and Sweden (15.5%). DR15...
  13. Maciamo

    HLA-DR3 : distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR3. The maximum frequencies are observed in Sardinia (56%), the Basque country (19.5%), Ireland (18%), Morocco (16.5%), Tunisia (16.5%), Libya (15.5%), Saudi Arabia (15.5%), Belgium (15.5%), Wales (15%), Algeria (15%), England/Scotland (14.5%)...
  14. Maciamo

    HLA-DR16: distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR16. The maximum frequencies are observed in the United Emirates (18%), Bulgaria (17.5%), Macedonia (15.5%), Greece (13.5%), Albania (12.5%), Serbia (11%), Croatia (10.5%) and Sardinia (10.5%). It is completely absent from the Saami, Breton...
  15. Maciamo

    Equipopulous redivision of the EU by cultural borders

    I have found this map of Europe on BigThink. It shows what a European Union with 28 equipopulous member states would look like. But the division is far from arbitrary. I have thought about redividing the EU by considering the cultural, ethnic, linguistic and historical similarities between...
  16. Maciamo

    Distribution map of Y-DNA and mtDNA haplogroup in and around Europe circa 8000 BCE

    It's been a while since I haven't made any new maps. Here is an attempt to show what Europe, the Near East and North Africa looked like in terms of Y-DNA and mtDNA haplogroups some 10,000 years ago. I delimited the (very) approximate borders of the first cereal/legume farmers in the Fertile...
  17. Maciamo

    HLA-DR1: distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DR1. The maximum frequencies are observed in the Volga-Ural region, among the Mari (24%), Chuvash (18.5%), Kostroma Russians (17.5%) and South Ural Russians (16%). Subtypes There are three main subclades of DR1: - DRB1*01:01 : the vast...
  18. Maciamo

    HLA-A3: distribution map, subtypes, SNPs and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-A3, which is divided in two subtypes : A3:01 and A3:02. The former is mostly found in Europe, with lower frequencies across the Middle East, Central Asia (Uygurs), India and even isolated parts of Africa (Cameroon). The latter peaks in Georgia...
  19. Maciamo

    HLA-DQ2 : distribution map, subtypes, SNPs, and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-DQ2. The world's highest frequencies are observed among the Sardinians (59%), the Basques (48%), the Brahui and Balochi of Pakistan (40%), the Moroccans (35%) and the Saudis (35%). Subtypes HLA-DQ2 comprises two subtypes DQB1*0201 and...
  20. Maciamo

    HLA-B27 : distribution map and associated medical conditions

    Here is a map showing the allele frequency of HLA-B27. The maximum frequencies are observed among the Saami (20% in northern Sweden, 15% in Norway), then in the rest of Fennoscandia, in Belgium, England and Scotland. HLA-B27 is the most routinely tested HLA types by doctors because carrying...
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