Descended from the Sintashta-Petrovka Culture and suceeded by the Karasuk Culture (1400-800 BCE).
Considered to be the ancestral culture of the Proto-Indo-Iranian speakers, and therefore of the Indo-Aryan, Iranic, Dardic and Nuristani people.
Semi-nomadic pastoral economy based principally on cattle, sheep/goat and horse herding. Some settled farmers around the Amu Darya. Regular use of horses for riding and for drawing chariots.
Flat-bottomed, well smoothed pottery decorated with geometric patterns. Intensive copper and bronze mettalurgy with distinctive curved bronze knives and twisted earrings.
Pit-houses were partly dug into the ground (semi-subterranean), with deep storage pits and corridor-shaped exits. Dwellings were spacious (80 to 300 mē) and constructed on two rows either in a semi-circular or rectangular plan. They were usually aligned overlooking river banks.
Inhumations in underground timber or stone chambers inside round or rectangular kurgans. The bodies were accompanied by sacrificed animals (mostly horses and dogs), chariots, cheek pieces, weapons, pottery and jewellery.
Y-DNA & mtDNA
MtDNA samples from the Bronze Age Central Asia & southern Siberia
Andronovo samples from southwest Siberia
The following mtDNA samples from the Krasnoyarsk area in southern Siberia were tested Keyser et al. (2009).
An analysis using MyTrueAncestry.com to compare the genomes of the Andronovo people with those of modern Europeans showed that the closest match in term of genetic distance were the Finns. No other modern European population could be said to be ethnically similar. Perhaps that is because modern Finns have about 6% of Mongoloid Siberian DNA and that Andronovo people also had a small amount of East Asian ancestry.