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England Factsheet

Last update : June 2012

Demography

  • Population: 51.4 million (2008)
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 388 (average), 4,761 (Greater London - highest), 61 (Northumberland - lowest)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million): London (12m), Birmingham (2.5m), Manchester (2.5m), Liverpool (1.3m), Nottingham (0.75m)
  • Home Ownership: 69%
  • Urban Population: 93%
  • Houses with central heating: 91.1%
  • Life Expectancy: 79.5 (average), 77.5 years (men), 81.7 years (women) (2007)
  • Birth Rate: 10.8 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
  • Death Rate: 10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: Caucasians (90%), South Asian (5.3%), Black (2.6%), Mixed (1.7%), Chinese (0.7%), others (0.6%)
  • Official Language: English
  • Major Religions: Christian (71.7%), Atheist or no religion (22.5%), Muslim (3%), Hindu (1%), Sikh (0.6%), Jewish (0.5%)

    Geography

  • Area: 130,395 sq km
  • Coastline: 3,246 km
  • Highest Peak: Scafell Pike (979m / 3,210ft)
  • Lowest Elevation: Fenland ( -4m / -15ft)

    Counties of England

    Economy

  • Monetary unit: Pound Sterling (, GBP)
  • Fiscal Year: 1 April - 31 March
  • GDP (nominal): US$2.2 trillion (2006)
  • GDP per capita at PPP: US$44,000 (2006)
  • GDP - real growth rate: 1.1% (UK, 2009)
  • Inflation (consumer prices): 3.8 % (UK, 2009)
  • Unemployment: 7.9 % (UK, 2009)
  • Public Debt (% of GDP) : 47.5 (UK, 2008 - CIA)
  • Main Industries: Banking and finance, steel, transport equipment, oil and gas, coal, tourism
  • Main Exports: Beverages, chemicals, food, fuels, manufactured goods, tobacco
  • Main Trading Partners: Germany, USA, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Ireland

    Government

  • Type of Government: Parliamentary Monarchy
  • Parliamentary System : bicameral Diet (House of Commons and House of Lords)
  • Administrative Division : 9 regions divided in 82 counties (including 35 shires, 7 metropolitan counties and 40 unitary authorities)
  • Capital: London
  • Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952)
  • Prime Minister: David Cameron (since 2010)

    Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC 0
  • Electricity: 230V AC, 50Hz
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .co.uk
  • International dialling code: +44

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