London is the capital of England and of the United Kingdom, the largest and most populous city in Europe, as well as the financial capital of Europe. London contributes to 17% of the UK's GDP and Inner London has the highest average salary of any European city.
The population of the historical City of London only has 7,800 inhabitants, although the Greater London has a population of 7,172,000, which is further extended to 13,945,000 for the metropolitan area. Of these 7 million people, 71% are Caucasians, 10% South Asians (Indian, Bangladeshi or Pakistani), 5% black African, 5% black Caribbean, 3% mixed race and 1% Chinese. 21.8% of inhabitants were born outside the European Union.
Politically, Greater London is divided into 32 boroughs and the City of London. The current mayor of London Ken Livingstone was elected as an independent candidate in 2000, and re-elected as a member of the Labour party in 2004.
Although the City of London is the historical heart of the city, the subsequent growth of Westminster as the seat of the monarchy and government shifted the official city centre to Charring Cross (in Westminster), just north of the major government offices of Whitehall.
History Browse the striking events that have made London what it is today, from its Roman founding to the Norman conquest, and from the Great Fire of 1666 to becoming the capital of a vast global empire.
Museums An extensive listing of the museums, art galleries and stately homes in London.
Top attractions in London
Other Sightseeing Areas
- Southark & Lambeth
- East End
- Camden Town & Hampstead
- Bloomsbury & Regent's Park
- Hyde Park, Knightsbridge & Chelsea
- Notting Hill & Holland Park
- Earl's Court, Hammersmith & Fulham
- Syon Park
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