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Ancient & modern names of Roman cities, towns or villages in Western Europe

The connection between Ancient Rome and modern times is rarely obvious from the present city name. There are exceptions like London, which the Romans called Londinium. It is impossible to guess than Roman Isca Dumnoniorum is the same place as modern Exeter or that Durolipons is in fact Cambridge. Yet these cities were also founded by the Romans. Here is a list of the main Roman cities by country, with their modern-day equivalent.

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England

Almost all British cities with names ending in "-c(h)ester" have Roman origins. Chester/cester is the anglicised version of the Latin "castrum", meaning fortification/town.

  • Aquae Sulis => Bath
  • Bannaventa => Norton (village), Northamptonshire
  • Calleva Atrebatum => Silchester (village), Hampshire
  • Camulodunum (or Colonia Claudia Victricensis) => Colchester*
  • Causennae => Ancaster (village), Lincolnshire
  • Corinium => Cirencester
  • Corstopitum (or Coria) => Corbridge
  • Deva (or Deva Victrix) => Chester
  • Dubris => Dover
  • Durnovaria => Dorchester
  • Durobrivae => Water Newton (village), Cambridgeshire
  • Durolipons => Cambridge
  • Durovernon => Canterbury
  • Eboracum => York
  • Glevum => Gloucester
  • Isca Dumnoniorum => Exeter
  • Isurium Brigantum => Aldborough (village), North Yorkshire
  • Lactodorum => Towcester (village), Northamptonshire
  • Letocetum => Wall (village), Staffordshire
  • Lindum => Lincoln
  • Lindinis => Ilchester (village), Somerset
  • Londinium => London
  • Manduessedum => Mancetter (village), Warwickshire
  • Mediolanum => Whitchurch (village), Shropshire
  • Noviomagus Reginorum => Chichester
  • Ratae Coritanorum => Leicester
  • Tripontium => Newton and Biggin (village), Warwickshire
  • Venta Belgarum => Winchester
  • Venta Icenorum => Caistor St Edmund (village), Norfolk
  • Verulamium => near St Albans
  • Viroconium Cornoviorum => Wroxeter (village), Shropshire

Netherlands

  • Albaniana => Alphen aan den Rijn
  • Coriovallum => Heerlen
  • Lugdunum Batavorum => Katwijk (Leiden)
  • Mosa Trajectum (or Trajectum ad Mosam) => Maastricht*
  • Oppidum Batavorum (or Ulpia Noviomagus Batavorum) => Nijmegen*
  • Trajectum ad Rhenum => Utrecht

Belgium

  • Atuatuca Tungrorum => Tongeren/Tongres*
  • Camasiacum => Kemzeke
  • Castri locus => Mons
  • Ceuniacum => Ciney
  • Cortoriacum => Kortrijk/Courtrai
  • Geminiacum => Gembloux
  • Geminiacum => Gimnée
  • Hoius Vicus => Huy
  • Liniacum => Lanaye
  • Liniacum => Lennik
  • Mauriciacum => Moerzeke
  • Vicus Leodicus (or Leodicum, Leudicus, Leodium) => Liege/Luik/Lüttich
  • Oppidum Atuaticorum (or Namurcum) => Namur/Namen
  • Orolaunum => Arlon/Aarlen/Arel
  • Rothnacum => Ronse/Renaix
  • Superiacum => Souvret
  • Stirpiacum => Strépy
  • Tornacum => Tournai/Doornik*
  • Umbracum => Ombret
  • Viroviacum => Wervik
  • Vuenteka super fluvium Therma => Denderwindeke

Germany

  • Aquae Mattiacae => Wiesbaden
  • Aquisgranium => Aachen
  • Augusta Treverorum => Trier
  • Augusta Vindelicorum => Augsburg
  • Aurelia Aquensi => Baden Baden
  • Bonna => Bonn
  • Castellum apud Confluentes => Koblenz
  • Castra Batavorum => Passau
  • Castra Vetera => Xanten, North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Colonia Ulpia Traiana => Xanten, North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Drusus => Bingen-am-Rhein, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Mattium => Marburg, Hesse
  • Moguntiacum => Mainz
  • Novaesium => Neuss, North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Noviomagus => Neumagen-Dhron (village), Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Oppidum Ubiorum (then Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium) => Cologne/Köln
  • Radasbona (then Castra Regina) => Regensburg
  • Rigomagus => Remagen, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Sorviodurum => Straubing, Bavaria
  • Tolbiacum => Zuelpich, North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Tricensimae => Xanten, North Rhine-Westphalia

France

  • Aginnum => Agen, Lot-et-Garonne
  • Aquae Sextiae => Aix-en-Provence
  • Alalia => Aleria, Corse
  • Arausio => Orange
  • Arelate (previously Theline) => Arles
  • Argentoratum (then Stratoeburgus) => Strasbourg
  • Augusta Suessionum => Soissons, Picardie
  • Augusta Viromanduorum => Saint-Quentin, Picardie
  • Augustodunum (formerly Bibracte) => Autun, Bourgogne
  • Augustodurum => Bayeux, Normandie
  • Augustomagus => Senlis, Picardie
  • Augustonemetum (previously Nemossos) => Clermont-Ferrand
  • Augustoritum => Limoges
  • Autricum => Chartres
  • Avaricum => Bourges, Cher
  • Avenio => Avignon
  • Bagacum => Bavay (village), Nord
  • Besontio => Besançon, Franche-Comté
  • Burdigala => Bordeaux
  • Caesarodunum => Tours
  • Caesaromagus => Beauvais, Picardie
  • Camaracum => Cambrai, Nord
  • Caranusca => Hackenberg (village), Lorraine
  • Carcaso => Carcassonne
  • Cenabum (then Aurelianis) => Orléans
  • Colonia Forum Segusiavorum => Feurs, Loire
  • Colonia Nemausa => Nîmes
  • Condate Riedonum => Rennes
  • Condatomagus => La Graufesenque, Aveyron
  • Darioritum => Vannes, Bretagne
  • Decem Pagi => Tarquimpol (village), Lorraine
  • Divio => Dijon
  • Divodurum => Metz
  • Duacum => Douai
  • Durocortorum Remorum => Reims
  • Gesoriacum (or Portus Itius) => Boulogne-sur-Mer
  • Juliomagus => Angers
  • Lemonum (or Limonum) => Poitiers
  • Lucus Augusti => Luc-en-Diois, Drôme
  • Lusonum => Lezoux, Puy-de-Dôme
  • Lutetia => Paris
  • Massilia (previously Massalia) => Marseille
  • Mediolanum Aulercorum => Evreux
  • Mediolanum Santonum => Saintes, Charente-Maritime
  • Narbo Martius => Narbonne
  • Nemetacum Atrebatum => Arras
  • Nicaea (previously Nikaia) => Nice
  • Noviodunum => Soissons
  • Pons Saravi => Sarrebourg (village), Lorraine
  • Portus Namnetus => Nantes
  • Reginca => Saint-Servan (village), Bretagne
  • Ricciacum => Ritzing (village), Lorraine
  • Rotomagus => Rouen
  • Samarobriva => Amiens
  • Tolosa => Toulouse
  • Tullum Leucorum => Toul, Lorraine
  • Tres Tabernae => Saverne (village), Alsace
  • Valentia => Valence
  • Valentianae => Valenciennes
  • Vasio Vocontiorum => Vaison-la-Romaine
  • Verodunum => Verdun
  • Vesuna => Périgueux, Dordogne
  • Vindinium => Le Mans
  • Vorgium => Carhaix (village), Bretagne

Switzerland

  • Arbor Felix => Arbon, Thurgau
  • Aventicum => Avenches (village), Vaud
  • Augusta Raurica => Kaiseraugst (village), Aargau
  • Basilea => Basel
  • Curia => Chur, Graubünden
  • Genava => Genève/Geneva
  • Lousanna => Lausanne
  • Octodurum => Martigny, Valais
  • Salodurum => Solothurn
  • Tenedo => Bad Zurzach (village), Aargau
  • Turicum => Zürich
  • Vindonissa => Windisch (village), Aargau

Austria

  • Aelium Cetium (then Treisma) => Sankt Pölten
  • Brigantium (formerly Brigantion) => Bregenz
  • Carnuntum => Deutsch-Altenburg - Petronell
  • Iuenna => Jaunstein
  • Juvavum (or Salisburgium or Iuvavia) => Salzburg
  • Lentie (formerly Lentos) => Linz
  • Noreia => Neumarkt in der Steiermark
  • Oenipons => Innsbruck
  • Ovilava => Wels
  • Veldidena => Wilten
  • Vindobona => Vienna/Wien
  • Virunum => Maria Saal

Italy

  • Abellinum => Avellino, Campania
  • ad Aesim => Falconara Marittima, Marche
  • ad Martis => S. Maria in Pantano (village), Umbria
  • Aecae (or Aikai or Ece) => Troia/Troja (village), Puglia
  • Aeclanum => Mirabella Eclano (village), Campania
  • Aesernia => Isernia, Molise
  • Agrigentum (formerly Akragas) => Agrigento, Sicilia
  • Aquileia => Aquileia (village), Friuli-Venezia Giulia
  • Aquilonia => Aquilonia (village), Campania
  • Albintemelium (or Albintimilium) => Ventimiglia, Liguria
  • Altinum => Altino (Village), Veneto
  • Ameria => Amelia, Umbria
  • Ammurianum => Murano, Venezia
  • Ancona => Ancona
  • Antium => Anzio, Lazio
  • Apua => Pontremoli (village), Toscana
  • Arconisium => Racconigi (village). Piemonte
  • Aricia => Ariccia, Lazio
  • Ariminum => Rimini
  • Arretium => Arezzo
  • Aternum => Pescara, Abruzzo
  • Barium => Bari, Puglia
  • Bauzanum => Bolzano
  • Beneventum => Benevento, Campania
  • Bergomum => Bergamo
  • Bobium, Ebovium => Bobbio (village), Emilia-Romagna
  • Bononia (formerly Felsina) => Bologna
  • Boreana => Burano, Venezia
  • Brixellum => Brescello (village), Emilia-Romagna
  • Brixia => Brescia
  • Brundisium (formerly Brentesion) => Brindisi
  • Butunti (formerly Butontinoi) => Bitonto, Puglia
  • Caesena => Cesena, Emilia-Romagna
  • Caralis (formerly Karalis) => Cagliari, Sardegna
  • Campus vassorum => Campobasso, Molise
  • Canusium => Canosa, Puglia
  • Capua => Capua
  • Casinum => Cassino, Lazio
  • Castra Nicia => Caltanissetta, Sicilia
  • Castra Taurinorum (later Augusta Taurinorum) => Turin (Torino)
  • Catania (formerly Ætna, then Katáne) => Catania, Sicilia
  • Caudium => Montesarchio (village), Campania
  • Centum Cellae => Civitavecchia, Lazio
  • Civitas Sancti Romuli => Sanremo, Liguria
  • Comum => Como, Lombardia
  • Consentia => Cosenza, Calabria
  • Cremona => Cremona, Lombardia
  • Croton => Crotone, Calabria
  • Cumae (formerly Kymi) => Cuma (village), Campania
  • Derthona => Tortona, Piemonte
  • Drepanum (formerly Drépanon) => Trapani, Sicilia
  • Egnatia (or Ignatia, or Gnatia) => Anazzo, Puglia
  • Fabiranum (or Fabrianum) => Fabriano
  • Fanum Fortunae => Fano, Marche
  • Firmum (or Picenum) => Fermo
  • Florentia => Florence (Firenze)
  • Formiae => Formia, Lazio
  • Forum Livii => Forli, Emilia-Romagna
  • Forum Popilii => Forlimpopoli, Emilia-Romagna
  • Fulginiae (or Fulginium) => Foligno, Umbria
  • Fundi => Fondi, Lazio
  • Genua => Genoa (Genova)
  • Haenna => Enna, Sicilia
  • Hasta => Asti, Piemonte
  • Herdonia (or Herdonoia) => Ordona, Puglia
  • Heraclea => Lucania/Policoro, Basilicata
  • Herculaneum => Ercolano, Campania
  • Hispellum (or Colonia Julia Hispellum) => Spello (village), Umbria
  • Hydruntum (or Hydrus) => Otranto (village), Puglia
  • Iguvium (or Eugubium) => Gubbio, Umbria
  • Interamna Nahars (or Interamna Nahartium) => Terni, Umbria
  • Interamnia Praetutiana => Teramo, Abruzzo
  • Labellum => Lavello
  • Lilybaeum => Marsala, Sicilia
  • Luca => Lucca
  • Luceria => Lucera, Puglia
  • Lupiae (formerly Sybar) => Lecce, Puglia
  • Luna => Luni (village), Liguria
  • Mantua => Mantua (Mantova), Lombardia
  • Mediolanum => Milan (Milano)
  • Mevania => Bevagna (village), Umbria
  • Messana (formerly Zancle , then Messene) => Messina
  • Metapontum => Metaponto, Basilicata
  • Metheola => Matera, Basilicata
  • Minturnae => Minturno, Campania
  • Mutina => Modena
  • Neapolis (formerly Parthenope) => Naples (Napoli)
  • Neapolis => Polignano. Puglia
  • Nequinum => Narni, Umbria
  • Nora => Pula, Sardegna
  • Novaria => Novara, Piemonte
  • Nola => Nola, Campania
  • Nursia => Norcia, Umbria
  • Olmedum => Olmedo, Sardegna
  • Ostium => Ostia, Lazio
  • Paestum (formerly Poseidonia) => Capaccio (village), Campania
  • Panormus (formerly Zîz) => Palermo
  • Patavium => Padua (Padova)
  • Perusia => Perugia
  • Placentia => Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna
  • Pisa => Pisa
  • Pisaurum => Pesaro, Marche
  • Pistorium => Pistoia, Toscana
  • Pollentia => Pollenzo, Piemonte
  • Portus Naonis => Pordenone, Friuli-Venezia Giulia
  • Potentia => Potenza
  • Puteoli (formerly Dicaearchia) => Pozzuoli, Campania
  • Ragusa Ibla (formerly Hybla Heraia) => Ragusa, Sicilia
  • Ravenna => Ravenna
  • Rhegium Julium (formerly Rhegion) => Reggio Calabria
  • Regium Lepidi (or Lepidum Regium) => Reggio Emilia
  • Roma => Rome
  • Saenna Julia => Siena
  • Salernum (formerly Irna) => Salerno
  • Savo => Savona, Liguria
  • Silvium => Gravina, Puglia
  • Sinuessa => Mondragone
  • Sipontum => Manfredonia, Puglia
  • Scylacium (Scylletium, Scolatium, Scolacium, Scyllaceum, Scalacium, later Minervium or Colonia Minervia) => Squillace, Calabria
  • Spoletium => Spoleto, Umbria
  • Stabiae => Castellammare di Stabia, Campania
  • Suasa => Castelleone di Suasa (village), Marche
  • Sybaris => Sibari, Calabria
  • Syracusae (formerly Sirako) => Syracuse (Siracusa)
  • Tarentum => Taranto
  • Tarvisium => Treviso, Veneto
  • Tauromenium (formerly Tauromenion) => Taormina, Sicilia
  • Teate Marrucinorum => Chieti, Abruzzo
  • Tergeste => Trieste
  • Tarracina (or Anxur) => Terracina, Lazio
  • Thermae Himerenses => Termini Imerese, Sicilia
  • Ticinum => Pavia
  • Tifernum Tiberinum => Città di Castello, Umbria
  • Tridentum => Trento
  • Tuder => Todi, Umbria
  • Tusculum => Frascati, Lazio
  • Uria (or Hyria or Hyrium) => Oria, Puglia
  • Urbinum Mataurense (or Urvinum Mataurense) => Urbino, Marche
  • Vedinum (or Utinum) => Udine
  • Velia (formerly Elea) => Ascea, Campania
  • Velitrae => Velletri, Lazio
  • Venusia => Venosa, Basilicata
  • Vercellae => Vercelli, Piemonte
  • Verona => Verona
  • Vibo Valentia (formerly Hipponion or Hipponium) => Vibo Valentia, Calabria
  • Vicentia (or Vicetia, or Vincentia) => Vicenza, Veneto
  • Vigiliae => Bisceglie, Puglia
  • Viglebanum (or Vigebanum) => Vigevano, Lombardia
  • Vigueria (Viguerium) => Voghera, Lombardia
  • Vipitenum => Sterzing-Vipiteno (village), Trentino-Alto Adige
  • Volaterrae => Volterra, Toscana
  • Volsinii Novi (Volsinium) => Bolsena, Lazio

* oldest recorded settlement in the country

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