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Distribution of European Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups by country in percentage
|European DNA pages:|
|Haplogroups description||Haplogroups timeline||Migration maps||Ancient DNA||Y-DNA by country||Y-DNA Maps||MtDNA by country|
|Haplogroup E1b1b||Haplogroup G2a||Haplogroup I1||Haplogroup I2||Haplogroup J1||Haplogroup J2||Haplogroup R1a||Haplogroup R1b|
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Human Y-chromosome DNA can be divided in genealogical groups sharing a common ancestor. These are called haplogroups. To know what ancient ethnic group is associated with each haplogroup, please check European Haplogroups : origins, geographic spread and relation to ethnic groups.
Note that figures are only indicative. Several sources were used and averages recalculated by merging the data available. Being approximations, numbers were rounded up to 0.5%. Frequencies inferior to 0.25% are indicated as 0%. A non-exhaustive list of the sources used for this page can be found here.
Ethnicities by haplogroup (simplified - subclades used for specifics)
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Sample sizes: Under 100 samples
: 100 to 250 samples
: 250 to 500 samples
: 500 to 1000 samples
: Over 1000 samples
The sample size for each country is at least of 100. Italy, Germany, England and Ireland have over 2000 samples each, Belgium, France and Spain over 1000, Portugal over 900, the Netherlands, Finland and Hungary over 650, Greece and Turkey over 500.
Turkey is the only country that includes a sizeable percentage of Asian and African haplogroups not listed in this table (A, ExE1b1b, C, H, L, O, R2) representing 8.5% of the total. Haplogroup L alone makes up 4% of the Turkish population.
The Greek regions are divided this way : North = Macedonia & Thrace; Central = Thessaly, Epirus, Aetolia-Acarnania, Evrytania & Phthiotis; South = Peloponnese, Attica & Athens.
The division of Italy is as follows: North Italy is everything until Liguria and Emilia-Romagna; Central Italy comprises Tuscany, Marche, Umbria, Latium and Abruzzo. South Italy is everything else to the south, except Sardinia and Sicily, which have been made into separate categories due to their specific history and relative geographic isolation.
Our division of Germany was made this way : North Germany includes the Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony (+ Hamburg and Bremen) and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. West Germany is the Rhineland, Hesse and Saarland. South Germany is Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. East Germany is composed of Brandenburg, Berlin, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia.
European populations not limited to one country