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Distribution maps of mitochondrial haplogroups in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa




Introduction

The maps on this page represents the distribution of Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups. A mtDNA haplogroup is a group of people sharing the same series of mutations on their mitochondrial genome, which they inherited from a long line of common maternal ancestors. Mutations occasionally happen on the mtDNA sequence and are inherited by all the descendants of the woman carrying the new mutation. This permits to retrace the genealogical tree of humanity with great accuracy and see patterns in the distribution of shared historical lineages. Most major haplogroups are tens of thousands of years old, typically going back to the Paleolithic, Mesolithic or Neolithic. Deeper subclades give a view of more recent lineages, some as recent as a few centuries ago. The following maps were compiled with all the latest available mtDNA data for each country.

Haplogroups H1 + H3 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroups H1 + H3 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroups H1 + H3 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup H5 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup H5 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup H5 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup HV (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup HV (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup HV in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup I (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup I (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup I in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup J (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup J (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup J in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup K (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup K (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup K in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup L (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup L (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup L in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup T1 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup T1 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup T1 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup T2 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup T2 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup T2 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroups U + K (mtDNA)

Distribution of haplogroups U and K (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroups U and K in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup U2 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup U2 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup U2 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup U3 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup U3 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup U3 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup U4 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup U4 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup U4 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup U5 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup U5 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup U5 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup U6 (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup U6 (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup U6 in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroups HV0 + V (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroups HV0 and V (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroups pre-V (HV0) and V in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup W (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup W (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup W in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Haplogroup X (mtDNA)

Description & analysis

Distribution of haplogroup X (mtDNA) in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup X in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

East & North Asian mtDNA haplogroups

This map includes mt-haplogroups A, B, C, D, E, F, G, M7, M8, Y and Z.

Distribution of East & North Asian mtDNA haplogroups in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

Distribution of East & North Asian mtDNA haplogroups in Europe, the Near East and North Africa

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